Multiculturalism “The recognition of the coexistence of many different cultures within one country and associated with cultural maintenance and respect for cultural differences.”
Multicultural means many cultures. The term can imply the coming together of different cultural groups, resulting in a society of people with many diverse backgrounds living side by side in harmony. However, there have been differing opinions about the meaning of the word over the years and consequently a movement towards the use of words such as “pluralistic” or “transcultural”.
Multicultural health is defined as “health care which is both culturally appropriate and culturally sensitive”. Multicultural health adapts to change and focuses on the total health system. “The
Multicultural health ethic incorporates racially and culturally sensitive, responsive and acceptable care for all populations within the community”. The definition also includes concepts of ethnic and race relations. Cross-cultural or trans cultural health care. And issues that relate to human rights and equity.
Trans cultural Health Care
defined trans cultural health care as “an evolving body of knowledge and practices regarding health-illness care patterns from a comparative perspective of at least two or more designated cultures in order to determine the major care features and the health services of cultures” (page 3). The major focus of trans cultural health care is on comparing one’s own culture to that of another as it relates to health care.
Trans cultural health care is therefore a term that could be used interchangeably with cross-cultural care. For the purpose of this publication the term cross-cultural. Rather than trans cultural, will be used to describe exchange that occurs between two people
Points out that the field of health is broader than simply caring and curing, and must include all health disciplines. Their roles. Functions and activities in the context of “the local people and their respective health views. Transcultural health care incorporates the scientific point of view with humanistic approaches to care. When learning about different cultures it is important to understand patterns of health and illness as well as the individual’s point of view.
Transcultural nursing and health care knowledge contributes to the provision of appropriate care to people from diverse cultures “This approach to care removes the emphasis from the “uncultured medical model that focused primarily on the physical and emotional needs of patients and on diagnosing and treating patients without a cultural perspective
A model with polar extremes helps us to envision the hypothetical dichotomy that places westernized care values at one end and culturally driven care values at the other Figure 4 7 depicts a simplified model of the polar extremes, with the central goal being one of focusing on respecting individual preferences and joint decision-making patterns This goal is of primary importance in reaching the objective of cultural competency
Transcultural nursing is “concerned with comparative human nursing behaviors, that is, how people differ from, or are similar to others in the caring and related aspects of health. At the center of the practitioner/client relationship is humanistic caring which respects the cultural values and norms of the client and his/her group. Furthermore, the helping role includes “caring expressions and caring processes” which supports and aids clients through a “variety of diverse types of personalized relationships”. Assessments, judgments and decisions thus take cultural dimensions into account throughout each stage of the helping relationship.
According to, Trans cultural Nursing includes an “understanding of the multiple, holistic, social structure and environmental factors influencing care, health, dying, disabilities and other human conditions related to both poor and affluent cultures” argues that more educators and practitioners must learn how to effectively transmit trans cultural knowledge about diverse as well as similar cultures without incorporating their personal views, biases and, sometimes, inaccurate cultural perspectives.